Barrett’s Esophagus

The normal esophagus is lined by cells that resemble skin called squamous epithelium. In some people, who have long standing Gastroesophgeal Reflux disease (GERD), chronic irritation caused by acid reflux causes squamous epithelium to change into a lining that resembles small intestinal mucosa. This change is called metaplasia. This change is generally seen at the lower end of the esophagus above the valve between the esophagus and stomach (Lower Esophageal Sphincter) and this metaplastic lining is known as Barrett’s Esophagus.

Read more: Barrett’s Esophagus

GERD Medications

  • Proton pump inhibitors (such as omeprazole, esomeprazole, pantoprazole, lansoprazole, and rabeprazole) are the most effective in reducing gastric acid secretion. These drugs stop acid secretion at the source of acid production, i.e. the proton pump.
  • Gastric H2 receptor blockers (such as ranitidine, famotidine and cimetidine) can reduce gastric secretion of acid. These drugs are less potent than PPI but may be agent of choice in some patients.

Read more: GERD Medications

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease - GERD

GERD is a very common problem in the United States. It is estimated that 15% of the adult population suffer form GERD. The normal valve at the lower end of the esophagus (Lower esophageal Sphincter -LES) is tight and relaxes only with swallowing and thus prevents reflux of gastric acid into the esophagus. In patients with GERD there is inappropriate relaxation of LES causing acid reflux. In some patients the LES is very loose and these patients have severe GERD.

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Helicobacter Pylori Infection

Helicobacter Pylori is a bacteria that resides in the mucous layer of the lining of the stomach. It produces an enzyme Urease that can cause inflammation of the stomach lining (gastritis). It is responsible for a vast majority of Gastric and Duodenal Ulcers.

Read more: Helicobacter Pylori Infection

Peptic Ulcer Disease

Peptic Ulcer refers to ulcers (break in mucosa or lining) caused by acid. It is a world wide problem and is caused by:

  1. Helicobacter infection: This is a bacteria that is transmitted by the feco-oral route and settles in the mucous layer of the stomach and can cause ulcers in the stomach and the duodenum (first part of the small intestine).
  2. Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory agents: Drugs like Motrin, Ibuprofen, Alieve and Aspirin can cause ulcers in any part of the GI Tract (stomach, duodenum, small bowel, colon).

Read more: Peptic Ulcer Disease

Clear Lake Office

Coastal Gastroenterology Associates

1015 Medical Center Blvd
Suite 1300
Webster, TX 77598

Phone: (281) 557-2527

Texas City Office

Coastal Gastroenterology Associates

7111 Medical Center Drive
2nd Floor 
Texas City, TX 77591

(by appointment only)

Baytown Office 1

Coastal Gastroenterology Associates

Jacinto Medical Group
2800 Garth Road
Baytown, TX 77521

(by appointment only)

Baytown Office 2

Coastal Gastroenterology Associates

1113 W Baker Rd.
Baytown, TX 77521

(by appointment only)

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